A soldier stands near Maungdaw, north of Myanmar’s Rakhine State, in this September 2017 file photo. (Reuters Photo/Soe Zeya Tun)
Singapore. Southeast Asian foreign ministers urged Myanmar to give a commission of inquiry into the violence in Rakhine State full mandate to hold those who are responsible accountable, Singapore said on Tuesday (02/10).
The ministers, who met informally on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly last week, expressed grave concern over the violence, Singaporean Foreign Minister Vivian Balakrishnan told parliament, calling it “man-made humanitarian disaster.”
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Over the last year, more than 700,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled Buddhist-majority Myanmar to neighboring Bangladesh, according to UN agencies, following a military response to attacks on security posts by Rohingya insurgents.
UN investigators issued a report in late August accusing Myanmar’s military of gang rapes and mass killings with “genocidal intent” in Rakhine and called for the country’s commander-in-chief and five generals to be prosecuted under international law. Myanmar has denied most of the allegations in the report, blaming Rohingya “terrorists” for most accounts of atrocities.
“We expressed our grave concern with these alleged acts of violence… This is a man-made humanitarian disaster and something which should not be happening in this day and age,” Balakrishnan said, referring to the meeting of the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations, which includes Myanmar.
“The foreign ministers urged the Myanmar government that…an independent commission of inquiry…should be given a full mandate to investigate and to hold all those responsible fully accountable.”
Myanmar established a commission of inquiry to probe allegations of human rights abuses in Rakhine in July which includes two local and two international members from Japan and the Philippines.
Asean, formed more than half a century ago, has historically struggled with challenges facing the region because it works only by consensus and is reluctant to get involved in any matter deemed to be internal to any of its members.
Its recent joint statements on Rakhine have focused on the importance of the repatriation of displaced persons to Myanmar and reconciliation among communities.
But amid the international condemnation, it appears to be taking a firmer stance on Rakhine.
Balakrishnan said that if left to “fester,” the situation in Rakhine could lead to the spread of terrorism which would threaten “Southeast Asia and beyond.”
“They [the Myanmar government] do need to do the right thing…for all the vulnerable, defenseless and innocent victims,” Balakrishnan said.
“It is also a salutary warning to all of us in Southeast Asia – race, language and religion are live issues and can always be exploited for short-term political gains but unfair share of the burden and of the injuries are sustained by defenseless people.”
Singapore chairs Asean this year and its leaders will meet in the city-state next month.
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